Anti-avoidance rules take preference in zero or low-interest loans

The in duplum rule originated from the South African common law and has been applied through South African case law for over 100 years. The rule aims to protect borrowers from exploitation by lenders that allow and, in some cases, cause interest to accumulate unabated: leading borrowers into further indebtedness. In terms of the common law, the interest charged on a […]

SARS dispute: What are the reasons?

Generally, disputes with the South African Revenue Service (SARS) are the result of an assessment which has been issued by SARS to a taxpayer. An assessment is the determination of an amount of a tax liability or refund, by way of self-assessment by the taxpayer (such as in the case of VAT) or assessment by […]

Registering for Provisional Tax

Many taxpayers file their tax returns on an annual basis unaware thereof that they may be regarded as provisional taxpayers in terms of the Income Tax Act, 58 of 1962, too. In its simplest form, provisional tax exists to provide for regular cash flows to the fiscus throughout the year. In this sense it exists […]

Dire provisional tax penalties on underestimation of income

Provisional taxpayers are generally those taxpayers who earn income from sources other than a salary. In other words, PAYE is not deducted from these other sources of income on a monthly basis and paid over to SARS. As is the case with PAYE, provisional tax presents a cash flow mechanism to National Treasury through which […]