Wear-and-tear allowance

Capital expenditure incurred in the production of income and in carrying on of a trade does not qualify for a deduction under the so-called general deduction formula in section 11(a) of the Income Tax Act No 58 of 1962 (the Act). The Act does, however, grant deductions or allowances for specific types of capital expenditure […]

Correction of an assessment: Section 93

As portrayed in the Tax Administration Act No 28 of 2011 (TAA), the dispute resolution rules lay out the legal framework to be followed by both the taxpayer and the South African Revenue Service (SARS) to resolve disputes. Section 93 of the TAA lists a number of circumstances under which SARS can reduce a taxpayer’s […]

PAYE and non-residents

Employment income is generally taxed where the services are physically exercised. The place of contract conclusion, where the employer is based and where the remuneration is paid is irrelevant in determining the taxation of employment income. This principle is supported by South African legislation and case law. Income earned from South African employers for services […]

Employee share incentive schemes

Employer companies generally implement employee share incentive schemes to retain and incentivise their employees by enabling the latter to receive indirect benefits from the appreciation in the growth of the company. This is an effective way to offer benefits to employees and encourage their participation and loyalty of employees. Even though these schemes are generally […]

Are civil judgments susceptible to rescission?

On 11 March 2022, the Constitutional Court (CC) of South Africa granted leave to appeal and set aside an order from the High Court of South Africa (HC), Western Cape Division. The issue before the court in Barnard Labuschagne Incorporated v SARS was whether a certified statement filed by SARS that is treated as a […]

Analysing tax exemption for dividends

Dividends are a valuable part of many shareholders’ income, but even though they are exempt from regular income tax, it does not mean that they are completely exempt from tax. A dividend can be defined as any local or foreign dividend paid by a resident company of South Africa or a foreign country, provided that the […]

Budget 2022: Details start to emerge

The annual National Budget Speech was delivered on 23 February 2022 by Finance Minister Enoch Godongwana. Practitioners are getting to grips with some of the more pertinent changes that will become a reality for taxpayers, particularly in the individuals, employment and savings areas. Reviewing the timing of accrual and incurral of variable remuneration Section 7B […]

Is your disclosure “voluntary”?

In December 2021, the Supreme Court of Appeal (SCA) handed down a judgment dismissing an appeal against a decision of the Tax Court. The issue before the SCA was whether the South African Revenue Services (SARS) was correct in rejecting Purveyors South Africa Mine Services (Pty) Ltd’s (Purveyors) Voluntary Disclosure Programme application (VDP application) for […]

VAT: Special dispensation for motor dealers expired

Motor dealers may in certain instances pay an amount to a customer for a second-hand vehicle over the generally accepted trade-in market value reflected in the Auto Dealers’ Guide (motor dealers usually determine the market value of second-hand vehicles according to a publication known as the “Auto Dealers’ Guide”). The difference between this value and […]

Controversial tax proposal on retirement savings withdrawn

When an individual ceases to be a South African tax resident prior to retirement from a South African retirement fund and becomes tax resident of another country, that individual’s interest in a retirement fund may, on payment of a lump sum or monthly pension, be subject to tax in the other country. The application of […]